Friday, August 14, 2020

Nagios

Nagios installed following ....




Systems under surveillance need:

 sudo apt-get install nagios-nrpe-server nagios-plugins

 

Sunday, July 5, 2020

Raspi Temperaturmessung DS18B20 mit OWFS und Iobroker

I've looked through some tutorials. 
My Goal was to directly attach Ds18b20 Sensors to GPIO4 and to read via a mount Point into IOBroker.

First of all, do the Setup were you enable correct Interpretation on Raspi:
modprobe w1-gpio pullup=1
modprobe w1-therm

if all works well you make these Settings permanent by putting it into 
(old kernel versions)
# /etc/modules
w1-gpio pullup=1
w1-therm 
The same functionality should be achievable by putting the following in /boot/config.txt or better (ubuntu) /boot/Firmware/usercfg.txt dtoverlay=w1-gpio,gpioin=4,pullup=on
I suggest doing this in the end, if eventually everythin works

Install owfs and owserver:
sudo apt install owfs owserver

You should see the page on <Ip>:2121
If you enable the line with Server: fake in the /etc/owfs.conf file you should see fake sensors  on the webpage

Next Thing is wiring of the sensors. I'm not an expert. The following works for me:
Wire 4,7kOhm Resistor between 3,3 V VCC of Pi an GPIO4 Data Port
Wire VCC or + or red to 3,3V of the pi
Wire Gnd or - to Gnd on Pi
Wire Data to Pin 4 of Pi 

If you query dmesg you should see something like:
[  +0.024838] w1_master_driver w1_bus_master1: Attaching one wire slave 28.01193a3da276 crc e5
[  +0.007224] w1_master_driver w1_bus_master1: Family 28 for 28.01193a3da276.e5 is not registered.


install Iobroker Adapter owfs






Debugging:

High Speed USB @ Raspi4

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t0kYcM1E5fY&feature=youtu.be

Never heard of USAP but it seems interesting as ist faster an saves power from the first impression

Friday, June 26, 2020

Openhab and iobroker on same Linux Problem

Just saw, that frontail service for openhab serves on port 9001 which ist same as Iobroker internal imem Socket!

After disabling frontail iobroker was reachable again.

Sunday, June 7, 2020

USV / UPS an Raspi

Ich habe mich für die Vorgehensweise mit Nut entschlossen:




Nagios check_raid Bug for non Dm users:

since an update, the query for DM causes an error. Workaround for md Raid users is:
-p mdstat:

define command {
 command_name    check_raid
 command_line    /usr/lib/nagios/plugins/check_raid $ARG1$
}


define service{
    use                  generic-service
    host_name            localhost
    service_description  Linux RAID
    check_command        check_raid!-p mdstat!
    normal_check_interval  120
    retry_check_interval 5
}

Friday, May 1, 2020

Swap File on an off Ubuntu

https://linuxize.com/post/how-to-add-swap-space-on-ubuntu-18-04/

Raspi 4 eeprom update

https://www.geeks3d.com/20191101/raspberry-pi-4-new-firmware-reduces-power-consumption-and-boards-temperatures/


vcgencmd measure_temp

Raspi Backup Ubuntu

straightforward approach with:
 dd if=/dev/mmcblk0 |gzip > /media/backup/2020_02_16_gzip_backup.gz



https://hobbyblogging.de/raspberry-pi-vollautomatisch-sichern



incremental file copy:
sudo rsync -avu --progress /media/BilderArchiv/ /media/Raid1_2/BilderArchiv/



Raspi3 change to usb boot

If the device fails to respond after this maximum timeout, it is possible to increase the timeout to five seconds using program_usb_boot_timeout=1 in config.txt



enable usb:

insert in cmdline.txt und boot up twice:
#enable usb boot

program_usb_boot_mode=1


Check for correct setting:

$ vcgencmd otp_dump | grep 17:
17:3020000a

Raspi3 Ubuntu vcgencmd missing

Following guide here:
https://wiki.ubuntu.com/ARM/RaspberryPi

Optional PPAs
While the official image includes compatible firmware, bootloader and kernel, there are a few packages available in an unofficial PPA (ppa:ubuntu-raspi2/ppa) which are useful on the Raspberry Pi, including:

libraspberrypi-bin - VideoCore utilities from https://github.com/raspberrypi/userland such as vcgencmd, raspistill, etc.

libraspberrypi-bin-nonfree - Binary VideoCore utilities not provided in the open source userland repository, currently vcdbg and edidparser.

xserver-xorg-video-fbturbo - An accelerated x.org video driver, though this is limited to hardware accelerated window moving/scrolling on the Raspberry Pi.

hello-dkms - Not strictly to do with the Raspberry Pi, but a small example DKMS project to test building kernel DKMS modules.

To install:


sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-raspi2/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt install libraspberrypi-bin
Further/updated Raspberry Pi packages can be found in the Ubuntu Pi Flavour Maker PPA. Many of these packages rely on the user being a member of groups:




sudo groupadd -f --system gpio
sudo groupadd -f --system i2c
sudo groupadd -f --system input
sudo groupadd -f --system spi